Vaginal burning is a gynecological problem that can occur at any time in a woman's life and can reduce her quality of life.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases: If you have unprotected and careless sexual intercourse, any disease in your partner may infect you and complications such as burning, itching and pain may occur in your vagina.
Inadequate Use of Hygiene Products: One of the reasons for the feeling of burning in the vagina during sexual intercourse is the lack of attention to hygiene.
Weak Immune System: Another answer to the question of what causes itching and swelling in the vagina, in addition to burning, is that the immune system is weak. Weak immune system causes all kinds of diseases and complaints to occur more easily in the body. Vaginal problems are also among the conditions that develop in the immune system.
Menopause: With the onset of menopause, the possibility of various complications in the vagina increases. However, not every burning sensation that occurs during menopause is caused by hormonal changes due to menopause.
Microbe Contamination from Swimming Pool: Due to the lack of necessary cleaning of areas such as swimming pools that many people benefit from and not paying attention to hygiene conditions, the vaginal area may become infected and as a result of this, sensations such as burning and pain may occur.
Fungal Infections and Vaginal Bacteria: Bacteria and fungal infections in the vagina are also among the main causes of burning.
Irritant (Stimulant) Substances: Some foreign and sensitizing substances in the body, such as vaginal sprays, fragrances, vaginal perfumes and soaps, vaginal creams, toilet paper and synthetic underwear, may trigger allergic events in that area and cause burning symptoms in the patient.
Stress: Stress weakens the immune system of patients, facilitates the entry of infectious agents into the body, and may cause a burning symptom in the vagina.
Skin Diseases: Some diseases such as atopic dermatitis (eczema), lichen disease, psoriasis on the skin cause the vagina to become open to infection, traumas and vaginal burning.
Itching: Itching is one of the most common symptoms accompanying vaginal burning. Vaginal itching occurs when the genital area is stimulated due to many reasons.
Redness: Vaginal burning is usually caused by vaginal infection. This infection-causing substance releases a number of chemicals in the body. These chemicals cause the superficial veins to dilate and cause many symptoms in the patient. One of these symptoms is redness.
Swelling: One of the symptoms related to vaginal burning is swelling. Swelling may occur in the vaginal area as a result of both the irritation caused by the factor causing the burning (disturbing stimulation) and scratching due to the itching in the patient.
Bleeding: Continuous scratching of that area due to itching and burning may cause minor skin traumas in the vaginal area, and in this case, bleeding may occur in the patient. In addition, if vaginal burning has occurred due to hormonal irregularity; This hormonal irregularity may also be the cause of bleeding.
Pain: The patient's itching, trauma caused by muscle and bleeding may cause pain symptoms. In addition, if the vaginal burning is caused by an infection in the patient, chemicals produced by the body against the infection to kill the infection (mostly substances called prostaglandins) can also cause pain.
Burning and Pain in the Vagina While Urinating: Burning in the vagina is a symptom that may occur in some cases such as urinary tract infection. In this case, patients may complain of burning and pain when urinating, burning and bleeding in the vagina while urinating.
Premenstrual Vaginal Burning: Some patients may experience burning symptoms in the vagina just before or during the menstrual period. This condition is often described as a condition caused by hormonal problems.
Discharge: Vaginal burning is usually caused by the effect of infection. In this case, the infectious agent causes a large amount of secretion to be produced in the patient. The produced secretion causes the symptom of discharge in the patient. This discharge is mostly yellow-green in color and has a foul odor.
Burning during sexual intercourse and itching and burning after sexual intercourse: Vaginal burning that occurs without infection is a symptom of burning and pain during sexual intercourse and a burning sensation and itching in the vagina after sexual intercourse.
Methods used in the diagnosis of vaginal burning:
Anamnesis: Anamnesis is a situation in which the patient expresses his complaints about the disease. Patients with vaginal burns usually complain of symptoms such as bleeding, pain, current, rash and inflammation in addition to vaginal burn. The doctor listens to the patient's complaints and asks how long these complaints are there. He questions the number of sexual partners and whether the patient feels burning during intercourse, whether his partner uses condoms, whether he uses synthetic underwear or not, whether the number of daily pads has changed. He then proceeds to a physical examination.
Physical Examination: In the physical examination, the patient lies on the gynecological examination table. The physician examines the patient's vagina and vulva. It examines the inside of the vagina and the cervix (cervix) by inserting an instrument called speculum into the patient's vagina.
Ultrasonography (USG): Ultrasonography is an imaging method in which an image is created using sound waves. If the patient has an infection and it is thought that this infection has spread to the internal genital (reproductive) organs, an ultrasound can be performed on the patient to get an idea about the condition of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MR): Magnetic resonance imaging is an imaging method in which an image is created using a magnetic field. This method is a method used if the patient is thought to have a problem in the internal organs or the cervix and this situation cannot be determined clearly in ultrasonography.
Culture: The most definitive diagnosis of the presence of infection in the patient is made with a culture sample. In this method, the current in the patient is taken with the help of a culture stick and planted in the culture medium. Then, the patient is treated according to the microbe that develops in this area.
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