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Types of Birth
Types of Birth
01 April 2022
Types of Birth
READING : 190

TYPES OF BIRTH

Contrary to popular belief, birth types are not limited to normal and cesarean delivery. Birth is one of the most important moments in the lives of both the mother and the baby, and this moment also carries some risks. In order to eliminate risk factors, the most appropriate delivery type should be decided during pregnancy follow-up.

NORMAL BIRTH

The method we call normal birth, also called "vaginal birth" in the medical language, is the birth method performed by nature following its own path, and no medical interventions such as drugs or painkillers are performed during this time. In normal birth, women go through this process knowing what they are doing. Historically, almost all women gave birth to their children in this way, and today, normal birth is still the majority.

In normal birth, the baby; She is born vaginally after the spontaneously starting pains and breaking of the water in the 39th and 41st weeks of pregnancy. It is understood that the birth is approaching and the birth is carried out with the increase of the contractions and the contraction of the muscles that come at regular intervals. However, if the necessary environment for childbirth cannot be created, artificial pain support is given to the woman and delivery is performed.

Vaginal delivery occurs in 3 stages. The first of these is the opening of the cervix with pain. The second stage is the stage of the expectant mother to push the baby out. The third and final stage is the complete separation of the placenta and the baby from the mother. The vaginal delivery process can be completed in a few minutes or it can take a few hours. As long as there are no complications during normal delivery, the mother can continue her daily life. It can also be fed with the types of food it wants. The method of delivery in question is the most recommended type of delivery by experts.

Normal Birth Symptoms:

  • bloody discharge called sting
  • regular contractions of the uterus
  • Coming of water, that is, the amniotic fluid in which the baby lives
  • Back pain
  • frequent urination
  • Feeling of lightness, lower belly of the expectant mother
  • Happiness and energy

Benefits of Normal Birth:

  • In general, very few invasive techniques are used in normal delivery, which minimizes the possible risks of infection and bleeding.
  • After normal delivery, less pain complaints are observed in the mother than after cesarean section.
  • After normal delivery, mothers and babies are discharged earlier.
  • After normal delivery, milk comes from the mother faster and babies can be fed faster.
  • The entry of the baby into the birth canal during normal birth contributes to the first encounter with bacteria and thus to the strengthening of the immune system.

CESARIAN SECTION

Caesarean section is the process of removing the baby from the mother's womb by surgically opening the abdomen of the expectant mother. This birth method, which is used in cases where normal birth is risky, can also be performed depending on the mother's preference. But before you make this choice, you should have detailed information.

Cesarean delivery is generally preferred in cases where normal birth is risky. When a situation that threatens the mother or the baby is detected, cesarean delivery should be applied considering the risks brought by the medical intervention.

BIRTH IN WATER

Water birth is when the expectant mother gives birth in a warm water of 35-37 degrees. Since warm water gives a relaxing effect to the mother, there is no need for pain relief or artificial pain in this form of delivery.

Water birth is recommended for mothers who want to give birth naturally and who want to shorten the delivery time without taking painkillers. Although there is no extra risk compared to normal birth, water birth is usually recommended for the birth of the 2nd or 3rd child. This is because in the first birth, controlled incisions are made by doctors to open the tears properly.

EPIDURAL DELIVERY

In epidural birth, it is the process of administering anesthetic substance through a catheter inserted into the spinal cord by entering with a special needle from the waist of the expectant mother before birth. The purpose of this application is to prevent the feeling of pain by anesthetizing the lower back. Generally, epidural analgesia for delivery is started when the cervical opening is 4 cm. After regional anesthesia is provided, the epidural space is reached between the lumbar vertebrae with the help of a specially produced needle for the procedure. Thanks to epidural analgesia; an effective pain treatment is performed, it does not cause restriction of movement and provides psychological relief.

SPINAL BIRTH

Spinal delivery is a type of anesthesia applied in cesarean section unlike epidural delivery. In this method, since the mother is conscious, the baby can see the baby as soon as it is born. For this reason, many expectant mothers request spinal anesthesia during childbirth from their doctors. This application, which is often confused with epidural anesthesia, is not applied to those who have had a normal delivery. Since anesthesia will be given to the expectant mother during cesarean delivery, she cannot see the baby in the first place. This means that the mother is deprived of this wonderful excitement. In the spinal delivery method, it is possible for the mother to see the baby as soon as it is born. In the application, the lower part of the mother is anesthetized and the birth is performed.

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