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Pregnancy Symptoms
Pregnancy Symptoms
30 March 2022
Pregnancy Symptoms

What is Pregnancy

Pregnancy (Pregnancy) is defined as the process that starts with the fertilization of the sperm cell from the man with the egg cell of the woman during sexual intercourse. This process takes about 37-40 weeks.

How to Understand Pregnancy

A delay in the menstrual cycle may be a sign of pregnancy, but this is not a definite result. When it comes to irregular menstrual cycles, this can lead us to the wrong conclusion. Periodic stress, intense exercise or hormonal disorders may cause delayed menstrual periods. From the second week of fertilization, some physiological symptoms can be observed, but none of them alone can lead to the conclusion that the person is pregnant. The surest way to know you are pregnant is to take a pregnancy test. To get a reliable result, expectant mothers can take a pregnancy test on the sixth day after a missed period. You can obtain these tests from pharmacies and you can do them yourself at home, but you must read the instructions before applying the tests. The test result can be understood with plus, minus, color change, double or single line appearing on the bar screen; However, these tests, which are highly reliable, have a small margin of error. For this reason, a blood test is absolutely necessary to reach a definitive result. As a matter of fact, exceptional cases may occur in some cases, called false positives or false negatives. In case of different results from the tests, the healthiest choice would be to contact an obstetrician immediately.

What are the Symptoms of Pregnancy (Pregnancy)

Pregnancy symptoms and the duration of these symptoms may vary from person to person. The most common symptoms are nausea, sensitivity to smell, loss of appetite, tender breasts and frequent urination. Although the severity and type of symptoms vary from person to person, the most common pregnancy symptoms observed in the body of the expectant mother from the early period are as follows:

Delayed menstruation: Although it is not a pregnancy symptom on its own, every delay in menstruation does not mean that the person is pregnant. Many factors such as changes in a woman's life, some ailments, psychological state and stress can cause the woman's menstrual cycle to be disrupted and delayed. In such cases, a reliable result can be obtained with a pregnancy test.

Tenderness in the chest and nipples: It is one of the most common symptoms. As in the period before the menstrual cycle, physiological effects such as fullness, tenderness and pain may be felt in the breast in the early stages of pregnancy.

Frequent urination: Although it can be seen in the early stages of pregnancy as a result of the change in hormone levels in the body, frequent urination can also be seen in the last weeks of pregnancy as the developing baby puts pressure on the bladder.

Smell sensitivity: From the first weeks, the expectant mother may experience sensitivity, disgust, etc. to various foods or odors throughout pregnancy. may experience such situations.

Fatigue: One of the most common symptoms during pregnancy is fatigue and weakness. Especially in the first trimester of pregnancy, the expectant mother may be constantly sleepy. However, this feeling disappears as the pregnancy progresses.

Dizziness: Dizziness and, accordingly, fainting are among the pregnancy symptoms observed in the first weeks.

Nausea: Along with vomiting, nausea is one of the most common symptoms in the first trimester of pregnancy. These complaints, which may occur in the form of morning sickness, are related to the changing hormone levels in the body as a result of fertilization of the egg. However, since there can be many different causes of nausea and vomiting, this condition is not considered a pregnancy symptom on its own.

Craving: Craving, which is one of the most common symptoms of pregnancy, can manifest itself in the form of excessive desire of the expectant mother for different foods.

Emotional turmoil: A natural consequence of changes in hormone levels. Mood changes such as sudden laughing or crying can be experienced throughout pregnancy.

Back and/or low back pain: In addition to back and low back pain that can be seen during pregnancy, water retention and swelling/edema are among the most common symptoms in expectant mothers. To prevent edema formation, expectant mothers are recommended to consume plenty of water.

Vaginal discharge: It can be seen due to changing hormone levels. It is completely normal to change the color and amount of vaginal discharge.

Expectant mothers who have some of the first symptoms that lead to suspicion of pregnancy and who subsequently have a positive pregnancy test should have all the necessary health tests done under the supervision of a specialist physician.

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