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Birth Control Methods
Birth Control Methods
09 May 2022
Birth Control Methods

What are Birth Control Methods?

Birth control pill

The birth control pill is a method that provides up to 99% of birth control when used regularly. Some pills are used continuously, while others are used for 21 days and interrupted for 7 days. Birth control pills contain the female hormones estrogen and progesterone and work by preventing the release of eggs from your ovaries. It also thickens the mucus layer in the cervix, preventing sperm from reaching the egg. Birth control pills are different from mini batteries that are used daily and contain only progesterone hormones. You must use your birth control pill every day.

Hormone Spiral

Hormonal spiral; It is a small, soft, T-shaped birth control method that contains the female hormone progesterone in its chamber and is inserted into the uterus by the doctor. The hormonal spiral acts on the uterus by continuously releasing a low dose of progesterone. The uterus thickens the mucus layer in its mouth, making it harder for sperm to move, reaching the egg and thinning the lining of the uterus. Its efficacy is up to 99.8% high, providing the highest possible effectiveness of a recycled contraceptive method.

Condom (Condom)

Condom, one of the birth control methods, provides protection against unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. It wraps the penis like a sheath and prevents sperm from entering the vagina. There is a small bubble at the end of the condom that prevents the semen from being collected when the man ejaculates and thus preventing it from entering the vagina. The most important aspect of this method is that a new condom is required for each sexual intercourse.

Vaginal Ring

It is an easy-to-use, multifunctional method that offers a look between the vaginal ring bracelet and rubber band. It is a plastic transparent and flexible ring, and after it is inserted into the vagina, it hides the hormones estrogen and progesterone, preventing the production of eggs from your ovaries. It also intensifies the exchange of mucus in the cervix, preventing the sperm from passing through and infecting the egg.

Subcutaneous Implant

The subcutaneous implant may be thought of as a space technology tool when first heard, but it is actually a highly effective, easy-to-storage birth control method. . It is approximately the size of a match and is inserted just under the skin of the upper arm. After insertion, it continuously releases small doses of the progesterone horn from the container inside the stem. Progesterone prevents egg production in the egg and thickens the mucus layer in the cervix, making it difficult for sperm to pass and fertilize the egg.

3 Month Needle

A monthly or 3-month injection is a needle containing only progesterone hormones or estrogen and progesterone hormones together; It acts by preventing your body from producing eggs and preventing the mucus layer inside the uterus from spreading. It is necessary to have an injection every month or every 3 months. After the injection, the effect cannot be stopped, that is, if there are side effects, it cannot be stopped. Its mode of action is like a birth control pill; you don't just need to take it every day.


The spiral, or uterus, is a highly effective, small copper-containing, doctor-inserted method of contraception that is placed inside the uterus. This spiral acts by releasing copper ions that prevent the sperm from moving, reaching and fertilizing the egg, and does not prevent the formation of eggs every month. Even if a sperm rarely reaches the egg, the copper content of the spiral prevents the fertilized egg from becoming pregnant by settling in the uterus. The spiral placed in the uterus (depending on the type) maintains its effect for 5 - 10 years.

Mini Pill

Mini-pills provide up to 99% birth control when used regularly at the same time every day. Mini-pills should be used continuously. Their difference from birth control pills is that they contain only progesterone from the female hormones estrogen and progesterone, and they do not contain estrogen. The effect levels are similar, but regular use at the same time of day is crucial, and their effects are diminished during hourly delays. In addition, bleeding irregularity is more common than birth control pills, especially in the first months.

Mini-pills act depending on their doses: They thicken the mucus layer in the cervix, preventing the passage of sperm and thinning the inner surface of the uterus to prevent the fertilized egg from adhering; some also inhibit ovulation to certain degrees.

The mini-pills need to be taken at the same time every day, and the pills need to be used regularly, with or without sexual intercourse. Mini-pills are generally recommended for breastfeeding mothers (after the 6th week), those with hypertension, those suffering from estrogen-related side effects (migraine, nausea, breast tenderness), and in some cases, smokers over 35 years of age.

Calendar Management and Body Temperature Tracking

This method, which is applied according to the calendar or by following the body temperature, is based on knowing which days of the month you can get pregnant and not have intercourse on these days. For this, you need to follow the symptoms on the days when you can get pregnant. You can apply this method in different ways. By recording your menstruation days in the calendar, you can determine your ovulation day and save the changes in your body work. These and similar methods can be affected by minor changes in your menstrual cycle, calculation errors, or even changes in your sleep patterns.

Withdrawal Method

There is not much that can be said scientifically about the withdrawal method, this method has been used since before the word science was used. Withdrawal or ejaculation or, in medical terms, “coitus interruptus” requires strong personal control and experience; but it is also an unreliable method. When it can be effective, it owes its effect to the man's ability to get his penis out of the vagina before ejaculation and the sperm's inability to reach the egg. However, not all sperm are expelled during ejaculation, and sperm can also be found in fluids secreted during earlier stages of intercourse.


Sterilization is the ultimate birth control. It's a bit of a radical decision like "always or never", so it's not the right path for everyone. Because it is a permanent form of birth control, it is suitable for people who never wanted or no longer want children. Sterilization can be applied to both women and men. Although there are several methods, it can be said that none of them return. You should definitely talk to your doctor before making a sterilization decision.

The next day's pill

Morning-after pills can only be used in an emergency. Available the next day when events don't go as planned. The morning after pill, like birth control pills, contains hormones, but the amount of hormones in them is much higher. They prevent the eggs from being released from the egg and also thin the lining of the uterus to prevent the fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus and creating a pregnancy. For morning-after pills to be effective, they must be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex. It should ideally be taken within the first 12 hours after unprotected intercourse. After 24 hours of intercourse, the effect begins to decrease. After using the morning after pill, you need to be protected by a different method to prevent pregnancy.

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